Our longstanding interest in the ways colleges and universities enrich their communities and the region will be on full display at NEBHE’s April 3 conference on “Locally and Regionally Engaged: New England Colleges and Universities as Drivers of Innovation, Workforce and Economic Development.” It promises to be a fascinating gathering focused not only on economic impacts such as building a competitive workforce, but also on the fuzzier interconnections between higher ed and New England communities—what we used to call broadly “town-gown” relations.
Among recent developments, the Association of Vermont Independent Colleges issued a new report showing that private colleges in the Green Mountain State pump nearly $1.4 billion a year into the state economy and attract 14,000 out-of-state students who spend their college savings in Vermont. Awarding more than half of all degrees conferred in Vermont, the private colleges from Bennington to Vermont Law School also provide 6,300 jobs, accounting for $314 million in wages and benefits paid annually.
Other groups in the region have produced similar reports. As I reminded a reporter friend looking for the latest on higher education’s economic impact, the reports that colleges, consortia and states publish on the subject are ubiquitous, but hardly monolithic. Some are very bare-bones focusing on employee wages and campus purchasing. Some are very generous, including money spent by “tourists” visiting students, R&D license income and affiliated museums, not to mention the impact of preparing future higher-paid people. (One even reasoned that because college-educated people have healthier habits, they save health care dollars.) The reports often strike me as propaganda.
Another key issue is how tax-exempt colleges support local revenues, often through payments in lieu of taxes (PILOT). Johnson & Wales University recently agreed to triple its annual PILOT to the city of Providence from $309,000 to at least $958,000, after a debate over the appropriate level of the payments to the city, particularly from Brown University.
Ultimately, the best I could offer the reporter was a smattering of pieces we’d published over the years on the subject of how colleges impact communities …
Drop the PILOT? Not Yet, Say Cash-Strapped Municipalities
Show Me the Money! Why Higher Ed Should Help K-12 Do Economic Impact Studies
Comic Relief for White River Junction
Taxing Times for Boston Colleges
Local Heroes: How Colleges and Universities Enrich Their Host Communities (pdf)
Editor’s Memo College and Community (pdf)
College Town Dilemmas: Good Neighbors? and Dorm City (pdf)
It this all piques your interest, do consider joining NEBHE on April 3 for our Locally and Regionally Engaged conference.