Academic program— An instructional program leading toward an associate’s, bachelor’s, master’s, doctor’s, or first-professional degree or resulting in credits that can be applied to one of these degrees.
Academic support— It includes the retention, preservation, and display of educational materials (for example, libraries, museums, and galleries); organized activities that provide support services to the academic functions of the institution (such as a demonstration school associated with a college of education or veterinary and dental clinics if their primary purpose is to support the instructional program); media such as audiovisual services; academic administration (including academic deans but not department chairpersons); and formally organized and separately budgeted academic personnel development and course and curriculum development expenses. Also included are information technology expenses related to academic support activities; if an institution does not separately budget and expense information technology resources, the costs associated with the three primary programs will be applied to this function and the remainder to institutional support. GASB institutions include actual or allocated costs for operation and maintenance of plant and depreciation.
Accelerated Program–Completion of a college program of study in fewer than the usual number of years, most often by attending summer sessions and carrying extra courses during the regular academic term.
Advanced Placement (AP)— College-level courses taught in high school. Students may take an examination at the completion of the course; acceptable scores allow students to earn college credit toward a degree, certificate, or other recognized postsecondary credential.
Apprenticeship— Apprenticeship is a proven approach for preparing workers for jobs while meeting the needs of business for a highly-skilled workforce. It is an employer-driven, “learn-while-you-earn” model that combines on-the-job training, provided by the employer that hires the apprentice, with job-related instruction in curricula tied to the attainment of national skills standards. The model also involves progressive increases in an apprentice’s skills and wages. (Source: Department of Labor)
Associate Degree— An award that normally requires at least 2 but less than 4 years of full-time equivalent college work.
Bachelor’s Degree— An award (baccalaureate or equivalent degree, as determined by the Secretary, U.S. Department of Education) that normally requires at least 4 but not more than 5 years of full-time equivalent college-level work. This includes all bachelor’s degrees conferred in a 5-year cooperative (work-study) program. A cooperative plan provides for alternate class attendance and employment in business, industry, or government; thus, it allows students to combine actual work experience with their college studies. Also includes bachelor’s degrees in which the normal 4 years of work are completed in 3 years
Block scheduling— A scheduling format wherein students complete one course at a time over a period of three weeks. Classes typically meet at the same time each day, allowing students to have more control over their schedules outside of their academic work. (Source: Colorado College Block Plan)
Bootcamp— These intense courses combine theory and practice in a condensed format that encourages a learning environment where knowledge is shared by all. In contrast to broader, more deliberately-paced traditional classroom models, this innovative new format is taking education by storm through intensive, hyper-focused learning experiences. (Source: Pearson)
Certificate— A recognized postsecondary credential that is conferred upon the satisfactory completion of a postsecondary education program.
CLEP— CLEP (the College-Level Examination Program®) offers 34 exams that cover intro-level college course material. With a passing score on one CLEP exam, you could earn three or more college credits at more than 2,900 U.S. colleges and universities. (Source: College Board)
Clinical— Clinicals are the application of the skills that students learned in lab settings and classroom dynamics. (Source: Ameritech College of Healthcare)
Competency based education (CBE)— Systems of instruction, assessment, grading, and academic reporting that are based on students demonstrating that they have learned the knowledge and skills they are expected to learn as they progress through their education. (Source: The Glossary of Education Reform)
Cooperative education— A program that provides for alternate class attendance and employment in business, industry, or government.
Cost of attendance— The amount of tuition and fees, room and board, books and supplies, and other expenses that a full-time, first time degree/certificate-seeking student can expect to pay to go to college for an academic year. Costs reported by the institutions are those amounts used by the financial aid office to determine a student’s financial need.
Credit (Academic)— Recognition of attendance or performance in an instructional activity (course or program) that can be applied by a recipient toward the requirements for a postsecondary degree, diploma, certificate, or other recognized postsecondary credential, irrespective of the activity’s unit of measurement.
Credit course— A course that, if successfully completed, can be applied toward the number of courses required for achieving a postsecondary degree, diploma, certificate, or other recognized postsecondary credential, irrespective of the activity’s unit of measurement.
Credit for life experiences— Credit earned by students for what they have learned through independent study, noncredit adult courses, work experience, portfolio demonstration, previous licensure or certification, or completion of other learning opportunities (military, government, or professional). Credit may also be awarded through a credit by examination program.
Credit for military training— Postsecondary credit granted by institutions to military servicemen or veterans for experiences and training gained while in the service.
Credit for prior learning (see: AP, IB, CLEP, DSST, Portfolio, DANTES)– Education providers assess and award college credit where appropriate to students who have earned college credit for skills and knowledge gained outside the classroom. This process, which is also known as Prior Learning Assessment (PLA) is especially helpful for adult learners who often already possess skills from previous work experiences. (Source: NCSL)
Credit hour— A unit of measure representing the equivalent of an hour (50 minutes) of instruction per week over the entire term. It is applied toward the total number of credit hours needed for completing the requirements of a degree, diploma, certificate, or other recognized postsecondary credential.